Modern Times

Queen's court barristersThe Rococo tradition was continued by judges and clergymen.
Until 1823, bishops of the Church of England and Church of Ireland wore ceremonial wigs.
Even in our present times, the usage of Rococo style men's wigs survived in a few legal systems.
The wigs worn by barristers are in the style favored in the late eighteenth century and are routinely worn in various countries of the Commonwealth.
Judges' wigs are, in everyday use as court dress, short like barristers' wigs (although in a slightly different style), but for ceremonial occasions judges and also senior barristers (Queen's Court), here depicted, wear full-bottomed wigs.

The wearing of wigs by men, as a symbol of social status, was largely abandoned in the newly created United States and France by the start of the 19th century, although it persisted a little longer in the United Kingdom.

Women's wigs developed in a somewhat different way. They were worn from the 18th century onwards, although at first only surreptitiously.
Hairpieces were once again worn around 1820, and the Biedermeier style enjoyed great popularity. Hair was tightly arranged around the head and artistic hairstyles were created with side locks and flower-like hair loops.
Full wigs in the 19th. and early 20th. century were not fashionable. They were often worn by old ladies who had lost their hair.

The development of high-tech plastic synthetic fibers and modern techniques of weaving wigs result in hyper-ventilated, ultra-light and relatively inexpensive wigs.
This caused a revival of wig usage in fast-paced modern women, who not always have time for hair-styling and prefer to rapidly don a wig in order to look their best.
Chemotherapy patients regularly use wigs while waiting for hair regrowth, in insurance speak wigs are called "cranial prosthesis".
Men also use hair toupees.
Reasons for wearing wigs have also changed over time: no more hygienic purposes. People wear wigs for fashion, convenience or psychological comfort.